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History of Taj Mahal

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Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in memeory of captivating beauty “Mumtaz Mahal”(the Exalted One of the palace). Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram was born on 5 January 1592. He was known with his imperial name “Shah Jahan”. He died on 22 January 1666 and  was the 5th successor of Mughal Empire. 

Shah Jahan was the son of “Mughal  Emperor Jahangir” and Grand son of Emperor Akbar the Great. 

He became king in January 1628  and married Mumtaz Mahal 30 April 1612. Arjumand Banu Begum was a persian princess , daughter of Abu’l-Hasan Asaf Khan, and niece of Empress Nur Jahan.

Mumtaz Mahal died during giving the birth to their 14th Child (A daughter named “Gauhar Ara Begum”). She was the inseparable companion of Shah Jahan and later Shah Jahan built this astounding piece of architect in her memory.

Construction for Taj Mahal started in 1632 and completed on 1643. The Gardens, cloisters, Water Fountain, Side buildings and other structure continued till 1653.

Ustad Ahmad Lahouri, A persian decedent Indian, was the chief architect of this mesmerizing piece of monument.

20000 workers, 1000 elephants and Carvers were were brought from India, Europe, Persia and Ottoman empire to build this delicate and exquisite mausoleum.

The monument is the clear reflective of Paradise from Islamic Holy scripture “Quran”. The structure is a immaculate blend of Islamic, Persian and Indian architect.  

The White Marble from “Makarana” (Rajasthan) was used to built the main Mausoleum and Red sandstone was used to built the neighbouring symmetric structures.

 

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